Diabetic retinopathy is one of the common eye problems when blood vessels change in the eyes, known as the retina. It’s likely that blood vessels get swelled, resulting in leakage, or bleeding, which triggers blindness or vision change. If you don’t get the problem treated on time, it is likely to affect the eyes and even result in scarring. It’s one of the significant reasons behind vision loss in individuals diagnosed with diabetes. Considering the situation, it’s essential to get a customized treatment plan by visiting the top-rated Eye Hospital In Punjab & getting the problem managed effectively.
What are the symptoms of diabetic retinopathy?
With diabetic retinopathy, there are several signs which can occur. Although, you might not even know you have this issue until the condition gets severe. Some of the noticeable symptoms in this condition are:
- Central vision loss which is used for driving or reading
- Blurry vision
- Difficulty to see colors
- Floaters or small spots occur in eyes which are due to bleeding
- Black spots or holes appear in vision
If you have any of these conditions, it’s imperative to consult one of the Best Eye Doctors in Punjab to manage your situation in the right way & seek immediate medical attention.
What are the causes of Diabetic retinopathy?
When the blood glucose levels are high, it’s possible blood vessels get blocked. The eyes will grow new blood vessels, and it’s even possible it does not get developed. When excess pressure is put on the retina, it will only detach or tear it. Moreover, the condition can even trigger cataracts or glaucoma, which is the primary reason for blindness.
How is diabetic retinopathy diagnosed?
An eye examination will tell if you have a problem or not. Some of the ways to diagnose the condition are:
- Pupil dilation
The change in blood vessels present in the eyes during pupil dilation is checked. The test also allows us to check if it’s swollen or detached from the place.
- Fluorescein angiogram
The test makes it easier to analyze if the problem is severe or not. It can even help see if there is any damage or leakage. The dye is put into the arm, and once it reaches the eyes, the problem is analyzed.
What is the treatment for diabetic retinopathy?
One of the options is Anti-VEGF injection therapy which blocks the specific growth factor that triggers abnormal blood vessels & it might even reverse the vessel growth.
Another option is grid macular laser surgery, which helps make tiny burns on the vessels. Afterward, there is a need to do the therapy mentioned above. Besides these, scatter laser surgery, and vitrectomy, helps to take away the leaking blood vessels. The doctor will check your condition thoroughly and accordingly determine which treatment plan will make a difference in your eye health.
What to do next?
It’s all about being careful, informed, and taking preventive measures. Make sure to visit the eye doctor regularly for an eye check-up. If you have any doubt, then better schedule an initial consultation with the esteemed eye doctor at Mitra Eye Hospital & Lasik Laser Centre to make an informed decision.